VoiceOver Keyboard Shortcuts for MacOS

Last modified
Thursday, October 28, 2021

VO+keystroke = Control+Option+keystroke

Getting Started


  • Turn VoiceOver on or off: Command+F5
  • Stop speech: Ctrl
  • Repeat the last spoken phrase: VO+Z


  • VoiceOver Quick Start tutorial: VO+Command+F8
  • Open the VoiceOver Help menu: VO+H
  • VoiceOver Commands Help menu: VO+HH
  • Start keyboard help: VO+K (Esc to exit keyboard help)


  • Typing Echo (verbosity): VO+V
  • Open VoiceOver Utility: VO+F8
  • Cycle through speech attributes: VO+Command+Shift+LeftArrow (or RightArrow)
  • Change current speech attribute: VO+Command+Shift+UpArrow (or DownArrow)
  • Close a menu or rotor, stop an action, or exit a mode: Escape
  • Lock and unlock the VO (Control and Option) keys: VO+semicolon

Orientation Commands

  • Hear the application summary: VO+F1
  • Hear the window summary: VO+F2
  • Describe the item in the VoiceOver cursor: VO+F3
  • Describe the item that has the keyboard focus: VO+F4
  • Describe the item in the mouse pointer: VO+F5
  • Describe the selected item: VO+F6

Navigation Commands


  • Move VO cursor left, right, up or down: VO+Arrow keys
  • Move to start of list or document: VO+Shift+Home
  • Move to end of list or document: VO+Shift+End
  • Move to top/start of window, Dock, etc: VO+Command+Home
  • Move to bottom/end of window, Dock, etc: VO+Command+End

Directly Accessing Items

  • Move to the menu bar: VO+M (or Control-F2), VO+Shift+M opens context menu)
  • Move to the Dock: VO+D (or Control-F3)
  • Move to the desktop: VO+Shift+D
  • Open the Item Chooser (to go to item on the screen or in a window): VO+I
  • Jump to a linked item (for example, from a Mail message in the Inbox to its message text): VO+J
  • Open Notification Center: VO+O
  • Open Control Center: VO+Shift+O

Hot Spots

  • Set or remove a hot spot: VO+Shift+[number key]
  • Open the Hot Spot Chooser (to browse and jump to hot spots): VO+[number key]+[number key] (i.e. VO same number key twice)
  • Jump to a hot spot: VO+[number key]
  • Hear a description of a hot spot: VO+Command+[number key]

Quick Nav

  • Toggle QuickNav on/off: LeftArrow+RightArrow
  • Move VoiceOver cursor: Cursor keys (equals VO+Arrow keys)
  • Perform action: Up+Down (equals VO+Spacebar)
  • Interact with item: Right/Down (equals VO+Shift+DownArrow)
  • Stop interacting with item: Left/Down (equals VO+Shift+UpArrow)

VoiceOver Cursor Visual Commands

  • Magnify item in VoiceOver cursor: VO+Shift+right bracket
  • Shrink item in cursor: VO+Shift+left bracket
  • Toggle VoiceOver focus rectangle (and other visuals): VO+Command+F11
  • Display Caption panel (of where VO cursor is): VO+Command+F10


  • Find text: VO+F
  • Find next (after using VO+F): VO+G
  • Find previous: VO+Shift+G
  • Find the next misspelled word: VO+Command+E

Reading commands (TextEdit, Safari, etc)

Before you can use most of these commands, you must interact with text in a text area.


  • Read from VoiceOver cursor to end: VO+A
  • Read from beginning to cursor: VO+B
  • Speak text attributes: VO+T
  • Speak line number, word and character in VoiceOver cursor: VO+F3


  • Read character in VoiceOver cursor: VO+C
  • Read next character: VO+Shift+Right Arrow
  • Read previous character: VO+Shift+Left Arrow


  • Read word in VoiceOver cursor: VO+W
  • Spell word: VO+WW
  • Spell word phonetically: VO+WWW
  • Read next word: VO+Right Arrow
  • Read previous word: VO+Left Arrow


  • Read line in VoiceOver cursor: VO+L
  • Read next line: VO+Down Arrow
  • Read previous line: VO+Up Arrow


  • Read sentence in VoiceOver cursor: VO+S
  • Read next sentence: VO+Command+Page Down
  • Read previous sentence: VO+Command+Page Up


  • Read paragraph in VoiceOver cursor: VO+P
  • Read next paragraph: VO+Shift+Page Down
  • Read previous paragraph: VO+Shift+Page Up


  • Read a row in a table: VO+R
  • Read a column in a table: VO+C+C
  • Read the column header in a table: VO+C
  • Toggle table interaction: VO+Command+equals

Interaction commands


  • Interact with an item: VO+Shift+Down Arrow
  • Stop interacting with an item: VO+Shift+Up Arrow
  • Perform the default action for the item in the VoiceOver cursor (e.g. open active item): VO+Spacebar
  • Open Actions Menu for the item in the VoiceOver cursor: VO+Command+Spacebar
  • Show more content for the item in the VoiceOver cursor: VO+Command+Slash

Quick Nav

  • Perform action: Up+Down (equals VO+Spacebar)
  • Interact with item: Right/Down (equals VO+Shift+Down Arrow)
  • Stop interacting with item: Left/Down (equals VO+Shift+Up Arrow)

Web commands

Navigation - General

  • Move to next heading: VO+Command+H
  • Move to next heading of the same level: VO+Command+M
  • Move to next plain text: VO+Command+P
  • Move to next link: VO+Command+L
  • Move to next visited link: VO+Command+V
  • Move to next control: VO+Command+J
  • Move to next table: VO+Command+T
  • Move to the next column: VO+Command+Y
  • Move to the next frame: VO+Command+F
  • Move to the next auto web spot: VO+Command+N

To move to a previous item, use Shift with above commands. e.g. VO+Command+Shift+H to move to previous heading

Navigation - Web Spots

  • Set a web spot: VO+Command+Shift+right bracket
  • Remove a web spot: VO+Command+Shift+left bracket
  • Set the sweet spot: VO+Command+Shift+right bracket+ right bracket
  • Move to the next web spot: VO+Command+right bracket
  • Move to the previous web spot: VO+Command+left bracket

Navigation - Web Item Rotor

  • Open the Web Item rotor: VO+U
  • Navigate lists: Left and right arrow keys
  • Navigate items in selected list: Up and down arrow keys
  • In Headers List, list only headings of a particular level: type level number


  • Read a link address (URL): VO+Shift+U
  • Read webpage statistics: VO+Shift+I


The article on this page has generously been submitted by a member of the AppleVis community. As AppleVis is a community-powered website, we make no guarantee, either express or implied, of the accuracy or completeness of the information.



Submitted by Esther on Wednesday, July 18, 2012

Laptop users should use the key equivalents for "Home" and "End" using the Fn key combinations: Fn+Left Arrow "Home" Fn+Right Arrow "End" So for navigation commands, these would be: VO+Fn+Shift+Left Arrow to move to the start of a list, table, document, or web page VO+Fn+Shift+Right Arrow to move to the end of a list, table, document, or web page I'll add these and other laptop key equivalencies, which are part of the Mac OS X, as a comment to the list of Mac OS X keyboard shortcuts. Also, for navigating in the dock, I use Fn+Left arrow and Fn+Right arrow to move to the first and last elements (where the last element is "Trash"). To navigate through the three sections of the dock, for applications, files and folders, and Trash, I use Fn+Up Arrow and Fn+Down Arrow, the laptop equivalents of "Page Up" and "Page Down", where Fn+Down Arrow cycles me through the applications, files and folders, and trash sections in that order, and Fn+Up Arrow reverses the direction of navigation. You can also reverse the direction of either of these key combinations by pressing the shift key in combination. This works for Mac OS X independent of VoiceOver, although I've never seen this particular shortcut documented anywhere outside of my own posts. Finally, I would add the VO+Shift+C "copy last spoken phrase to clipboard" shortcut as an all-purpose, useful, VoiceOver shortcut that allows you to paste what VoiceOver has spoken anywhere.

Submitted by Chris Coulter (not verified) on Monday, August 19, 2013

Thank you for putting this list of keyboard commands and shortcuts here on the forum. I am also new to Mountain Lion and need to learn a lot of key strokes that weren't in Leopard. I never upgraded to Snow Leopard or Lion. I'm sure that after reading your post I'll be better able to go back to the Getting Started Guide and begin getting to know the new features such as quickNav.

Submitted by Ekaj on Thursday, February 6, 2014

Thanks for this David. A sister of mine just got a Mac Book Air on Sunday, and uses Voiceover. I seem to be the only one in this area who uses Vo on a laptop, and yesterday I spent some time showing her some things, and I'm going to do it a few more times.

Submitted by Jim Homme on Saturday, May 6, 2017

Hi David,
These shortcuts are organized so that you can look them up by the kinds of tasks you happen to be doing at the time and learn that way. Thank you for putting them together this way.