Recommendations on getting started with Terminal

macOS & Mac Apps

Hello apple Vis,
Does anyone have any suggestions on where I could get lessons or information on how to use the Terminal in the Mac OS?
I know nothing of how to operate Terminal. I know some of the coding stuff kind of requires Terminal.
Thanks in advance.



Submitted by Nick B on Saturday, February 18, 2017

Hi Chuck,

I have a good deal of experience using Terminal. What are you aiming to accomplish by learning it? The UNIX shell is very broad and powerful and it's hard to really give you good direction without knowing your specific goals.


Submitted by Chuck Winstead on Saturday, February 18, 2017

I have a few different things I am trying to learn on the Terminal. First off, getting started, and then using it to control the Raspberry Pi computers, as a few folks from the Raspberry Visually impaired Mailing list recommend getting used to using the Terminal.

Submitted by Igna Triay on Saturday, February 18, 2017

I know a little of using terminal, and my question is reguarding the say command. I know how to change the rate of the voice, during the say command, and I read somewhere that yyou can change the voice pitch as well. How do I change the pitch of the voice on terminal when using the same command?

Submitted by Nick B on Saturday, February 18, 2017

The say command doesn't seem to have a pitch option. If you type "man" followed by the name of the command (e.g. man say), you'll get a manual for that command.

The say command shows the following options:

say [-v voice] [-r rate] [-o outfile [audio format options] | -n name:port | -a device] [-f file | string ...]

Hope that helps.


Submitted by Chelsea on Monday, March 6, 2017

Hi Chuck,

I just found this podcast series at the beginning of the year and it has helped me learn terminal very nicely. The tutorials are in text and podcast form, so you can learn in whatever way suits you best.

Here is the link:

If you are really, really serious about learning terminal, I'd also check out this free screen reader written especially for it. VoiceOver does have some minor annoying quirks. This is the link to the project's GitHub page, and instructions are there on installation, but let me know if you need help:

Hope these resources get you well on your way to being a happy Unix user. And the best part is, all of this is right there on your Mac.

Submitted by SplendidFault on Monday, August 26, 2019

Hi there,
What is the most effective way of reading man pages on a terminal? When I try to read a large man page, VoiceOver fails to read the next chunk of the page, affectingly putting me off.

Submitted by Blade Runner on Sunday, September 1, 2019

In reply to by SplendidFault

Make sure that the "Use option as meta key" is checked in preferences/keyboard.
Vo-shift-home moves vo to the beginning of the visible page, space moves to the next page, b moves back a page, option-< and option-> moves to the beginning and end respectively.

A comprehensive resource for learning unix is at:
It doesn't matter if it is Linux as the commands are mostly the same.